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The Spectacles Wetland

Author

City of Kwinana

Place Number

12098
There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.

Location

Cnr Thomas/McLaughlan/Anketell Rds The Spectacles/Postans

Location Details

bounded also by Spectacles Drive Contains historic Mandogalup townsite See also P12131 and P 12108

Local Government

Kwinana

Region

Metropolitan

Construction Date

Demolition Year

N/A

Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 13 May 1998 A

A

Highest level of protection for places of exceptional cultural heritage significance to the Town of Kwinana. Will also include places on the State Register of Heritage Places.

Statement of Significance

Aesthetic Value: The place is an attractive and prominent landscape feature
which makes a significant contribution to the character of the
area. In particular, the contrast between the dense paperbark
forest which eventually opens out into the swamp, conveys
varying feelings of isolation and spaciousness.

Historic Value: The place is associated with the Millar’s timber line, which
passed through the site on its way between Jandakot and
Wellard, and made use of the water in the Large Eye to refill the
boilers of the steam locomotives.
The place is associated with the implementation of the
Group/Soldier Settlement Scheme on the Peel Estate in the
1920s, which, although generally considered a failure,
contributed to the early development of farming and settlement
at Mandogalup.

Scientific Value: As part of the Beeliar Regional park, the place is an important component of one of the most important systems of lakes and
wetlands remaining in the Perth metropolitan area. In particular,
the wetland is important as a refuge and breeding site for native
fauna.

Social Value: The place is valued by the community as a popular and
educational site for bush-walking and bird-watching.
The place is valued by the local Aboriginal community, who have
an ongoing association with the site and who recognise its
significance as a traditional source of abundant food.

Physical Description

The Beeliar Regional Park and adjacent areas is an area of remnant bushland and wetlands in the area south of Perth. The Beeliar wetland system consists of two chains of lakes running roughly parallel to the coast for a distance of 25km south of the Swan River. The western chain is within 5km of the coast and is mostly saline. The eastern chain lies 5km further inland along the boundary of the Spearwood and Bassendean dune systems and contains several large perennial freshwater lakes. The wetlands form a complex of swamps and swampy waterways which are permanent or ephemeral, saline or fresh and contain sedges and rushes or are open. They are surrounded by forest, woodland, scrub and herblands and have differing geomorphology, history, soils vegetation and water character.
Together these wetlands and surrounding areas form an ecosystem which supports a wide variety of flora and fauna.
The Spectacles Wetland is a large permanent wetland in the Spearwood dunes and consists of two lakes – Large Eye and Small Eye – which are largely covered with paperbarks.
Bordering the lakes on the western and eastern sides are relatively undisturbed
jarrah/banksia woodlands, while between the lakes and the woodland is a transition zone dominated by Flooded Gum (eucalyptus rudis). Some areas of the wetlands have been cleared, and introduced plants like veldt grass, pigface, cape weed and stinkweed have become established. A series of walk trails, cycle paths and boardwalks can be found through the wetland, with access via the vehicle parking areas off McLaughlan Road and Spectacles Drive.

History

The 360 hectares of wetlands are part of the original Peel Settlement Scheme of the 1920s, however, the swamps in the centre of the land and the infertile leached quartz sands which surround them, led to early settlers walking away from the area. A rail line rand through the site, between Jandakot and Millar’s timber line at Wellard, and the steam locomotives were able to fill their boilers with water from a spot on the east side of the Large Eye.
It was only after World War II that the Spectacles again attracted settlers. In the 1970s the Industrial Lands Development Authority and Alcoa of Australia purchased the land for future industrial use. However, when the land was evaluated for residue disposal purposes, it became clear not only that the wetland nature of the property made it unsuitable for this particular industrial use, but that the Spectacles wetland area had high conservation value.
The Beeliar Regional Park is an important remnant of ecosystems which were previously more widespread, and the wetlands are considered to form one of the most important systems of lakes and wetlands remaining in the Perth metropolitan region. The Spectacles is a good example of large diverse wetlands. The area is important as a refuge and breeding site for native fauna, supporting breeding populations of scarlet robin, weebill, western thornbill, silvereye, Pacific black duck and rufous night heron. The black gloved wallaby, short nosed bandicoot and skinks, all species of conservation significance, are found around the wetlands.
Lakes and wetlands within the Beeliar Regional Park, including the Spectacles, would have provided a rich food source for the local Nyoongars, and the place has ethnographic significance for Aboriginal people as the traditional source of abundant food throughout the year due to the permanence of the water supply.
(Source: Register of the National Estate, Place Details – Beeliar Regional Park and Adjacent
Areas, 1997)

Integrity/Authenticity

Integrity: High
Authenticity: High

References

Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
Register of the National Estate; "Place Details – Beeliar Regional Park and Adjacent Areas". 1997

Place Type

Large Conservation Region

Uses

Epoch General Specific
Original Use PARK\RESERVE Park\Reserve
Present Use PARK\RESERVE Park\Reserve

Historic Themes

General Specific
SOCIAL & CIVIC ACTIVITIES Sport, recreation & entertainment

Creation Date

11 Sep 1998

Publish place record online (inHerit):

Approved

Last Update

01 Jan 2017

Disclaimer

This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.