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Floreat Kiosk


Town of Cambridge

Place Number

There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.


181-183 Challenger Parade City Beach

Location Details

Portion of Lot 6000 on DP74241

Local Government




Construction Date

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage List Adopted 27 Nov 2018

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 27 Nov 2018 Category 2

Category 2

Considerable Significance Very important to the heritage of the locality. High degree of integrity/authenticity. Conservation of the place is highly desirable. Any alterations or extensions should reinforce the significance of the place.

Statement of Significance

The place has aesthetic value as a rare intact example of a concrete building exhibiting Late 20th century Brutalist influences in an organic style;

Together with the remaining South City Beach Kiosk, the pair has aesthetic value as landmarks on the beach front which exhibit unusual form and construction;

the place has historic value for its association with a period of innovation and experimentation in building design in the 1960s;

the place has historic value for its association with prominent architects in Western Australia during the 1960s and 1970s, Paul Ritter and Tony Brand;

the place has social value for many members of the community from the Town of Cambridge and the wider Perth metropolitan area for its association with visits to the beach since 1970.

Physical Description

The organic form of the two remaining kiosks forms a distinctive element of the beach and coastline in City Beach and Floreat. The Floreat Kiosk has a visible presence from Challenger Parade as well as being visible from the beach.

The kiosk is of concrete formwork construction enabling the organic form to be clearly defined. The curve and irregularity of the shape together with the contrast of smooth concrete and the corrugated finish are they key elements of the design. The functional spaces of the kiosk and change rooms are completed by the flat roof that resembles the turned up brim of a sunhat.

The external form of the kiosk remains largely intact with only the colour scheme and small details changing.

The awnings which surround the structure are removable as is the lightweight partitioning on the seaward side. The concrete is beginning to show signs of damage in places with corrosion of the reinforcements becoming visible.


The suburb of City Beach had sporadic and modest development until the 1960s. The 1962 Empire Games in Perth which saw the development of lands in Perry Lakes for Games Village Houses led to adjacent landholdings being released for residential subdivision. The subdivisions alongside the coast in City Beach were largely created in the late 1960s.

In the 1930s, basic timber buildings had been erected at popular beaches as tea rooms and change rooms. These facilities were no longer adequate in the late 1960s with more residents in the area and car ownership enabling those more distant from the beach to visit more frequently. The 1960s also saw the popularity and growth of surfing and the associated ‘surf culture’. Although not new to Western Australia, surfing and beach going became more popular and were closely associated with younger generations. The late 1960s can also be seen as a period of experimentation and rejection of past practices and attitudes. It was in the context of a newly established suburb providing for a young population keen to embrace new styles and technologies that three kiosks were built at City Beach and Floreat Beach. An innovative approach was taken in the design of the new kiosks by architect Tony Brand.

Until 1994, the City of Perth was the local government authority responsible for the suburb of City Beach. During the 1960s, an influential figure in the offices of the City of Perth was architect and planner Paul Ritter. Ritter was a controversial and colourful figure in Western Australia in this period. He was trained in England and was brought to the City of Perth to advance local knowledge and philosophies of planning and design. Appointed as the City of Perth's first City Planner in 1965 he was dismissed in 1967 but engendered significant public support which led to his election as a City of Perth councillor from 1968 to 1986. Following his dismissal, Ritter established his own practice and was well known for exploring new techniques and philosophies, particularly in relation to art and design in the public realm. In 1969, his design of a wavy retaining wall in local Toodyay stone was built at City Beach. The design was influenced by the adjacent waves and sand dunes and was part of a larger Master Plan for City Beach prepared during his tenure at the City of Perth.

The City of Perth subsequently engaged architecture firm Forbes and Fitzhardinge to design three new kiosks to serve City Beach. Architect Tony Brand was responsible for the organic design of the concrete kiosks which used corrugated iron as formwork for the walls and reinforced concrete for the roof structure. The use of concrete was a practical solution for this harsh environment but is also associated with brutalist design popular in this period.

The name, Brutalism, does not refer to a harsh appearance, but derives from French for raw concrete (beton - brut) and was a style that focussed on affordable and functional public buildings. Tony Brand was an enthusiastic exponent of the style and many of his public buildings in Western Australia during the 1960s and 1970s demonstrate the style. However the organic curved style of the kiosks differs from the classic block Brutalist form.

Tony Brand is understood to have designed the kiosks in response to Paul Ritter’s curved wall and the landscape. It is proposed by Geoffrey London that the roofs of the kiosks are representation of an inverted beach shell. Ritter was also an enthusiastic exponent of the use of formed concrete in the public realm and undertook several public projects in this material and wrote extensively on its application and the philosophy underpinning its use.

During 1970/1971 the City of Perth spent $375,829 on works at City Beach including the new kiosks and change rooms, and the City of Perth Surf Club House. The decision to hold the Australian National Surf Life Saving Competitions at City Beach in 1971 would have been a significant impetus to complete the works.

In the City of Perth Annual Report for that year it was noted that;
During the year the facilities and conditions at City Beach were highly praised by both competitors and spectators at the Australian National Surf Championships. More than 1,400 lifesavers from all Australian states and a team from South Africa competed during the April carnival. Blending man-made feature and amenities into the natural beach scene will continue to enhance City Beach’s wide popularity.

At the time of construction the concrete of the buildings were left unfinished as seen in the 1971 photographs. This finish was likely to have been the origin of the reference to the blending of man-made features into the natural beach scene.

The kiosk north of the groyne located at the main City Beach was demolished in 2000 and the current restaurant and change rooms were built throughout 2001. Floreat Kiosk remains largely in its original form. Aerial photographs show that landscaping works were undertaken c2000 and in the following year the awnings which are a feature of the place were first installed. These are a seasonal feature and are erected as required. The light weight removable partitioning on the seaward side of the building are believed to have been installed at approximately the same time for the café tenancy.


Integrity: High
Authenticity: High




Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
London, Geoffrey and Bingham-Hall, Patrick A Short History of Perth Architecture Pesaro Publishing, Book 2002
City of Perth Annual Report pp 4-8, from the Town of Cambridge Local History Collection, item T520. Online Reference Documents 1970-71
Aerial photographs, Landgate. Online Reference 1953-2016
Gregory, Jenny City of Light A History of Perth since the 1950s City of Perth 2003 book 2003
Ritter, Paul ‘Concrete Fit for People: A Practical Approach to a BioFunctional Eco-Architecture for the Third Millenium book 1980

Place Type

Individual Building or Group


Epoch General Specific
Original Use COMMERCIAL Shop\Retail Store {single}
Present Use COMMERCIAL Restaurant

Architectural Styles

Late 20th-Century Organic

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Roof CONCRETE Other Concrete
Wall CONCRETE Other Concrete

Historic Themes

General Specific
SOCIAL & CIVIC ACTIVITIES Sport, recreation & entertainment

Creation Date

19 Aug 2019

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

19 Aug 2019


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