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London Hotel

Author

City of Albany

Place Number

03339
There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.

Location

160-162 Stirling Tce Albany

Location Details

Local Government

Albany

Region

Great Southern

Construction Date

Constructed from 1909 to 1912

Demolition Year

N/A

Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 30 Jun 2001 Category B

Category B

• Requires a high level of protection. • Provide maximum encouragement to the owner under the City of Albany Town Planning Scheme to conserve the significance of the place. • A more detailed Heritage Assessment/Impact Statement to be undertaken before approval given for any major redevelopment. • Incentives to promote heritage conservation should be considered.

Register of the National Estate Indicative Place

Heritage Council
Statewide Hotel Survey Completed 01 Nov 1997

Heritage Council
Classified by the National Trust Recorded 04 Apr 1977

Heritage Council

Statement of Significance

This place is one of a large number of important heritage buildings in Stirling Terrace. Stirling Terrace is one of the significant Local Heritage Areas in the
City of Albany. The London Hotel was built in 1909 and has high integrity and streetscape value. It has aesthetic, historic, social and representative heritage significance.

Physical Description

Prominent façade on Stirling terrace along with a group of other commercial buildings
Two storey structure
Typical features of Federation Free Style architectural design
Symmetrical façade
Formal grouping of arched windows
Smooth rendered finish to brick walls with lower storey featuring an ashlar finish
Parapet wall concealing roof
Prominent decorative skyline features with two gabled pediments (with classical motifs)
Tall chimneys rising at the rear of the building
Corner entry
String course

History

The London Hotel in its present form was built c1909 by contractor A Thompson. HC Sims was proprieter of
the hotel at that time.. The new building was constructed on the site of the Chusan Hotel, said to have been
established in 1849 and rebuilt in 1871. Another source (Garden) indicates that this was the site of a prefabricated
timber hotel constructed by a John McDonnell in 1855. The imported timber building caused
concerns as it was against local building regulations to erect a wooden building over 20ft tall in Albany. A
concession was granted on condition the bottom half of the building was bricked. At about the same time the
P&O steamer service ceased and the owner could not afford to brick the building. The hotel was renamed the
London Hotel c1861. In 1863 McDonnell had to give up the hotel and leave Albany. New proprietors took
over and it is not clear whether the building was bricked and enlarged or whether a new building was erected
on the site.
The London Hotel changed hands many times over the decades and during the Federation period the façade
was changed quite radically. At some stage the ornate verandah was removed, leaving the hotel with the
façade still seen today. In 2000 it was still operating as a hotel and also provided accommodation for
backpackers.
Stirling Terrace is one ofthe City of Albany's most significant heritage assets, both as a streetscape and as
a collection of Victorian and Federation period buildings overlooking Princess Royal Harbour. Stirling
Terrace is located in visually striking topography and its segmented crescent plan form remains basically
as it was when first recorded by Surveyor Hillman in 1835. The mature trees and the harmonious
architectural composition of diverse building types and styles provide additional visual interest.
Stirling Terrace was developed from the 1830s following the establishment of Albany as part of the Swan
River colony, and was an important part of the development of the region and the State to varying degrees
from the 1830s until World War One. The 1835 Hillman survey plan set the scene for the emergence of
Stirling Terrace as the prime location in the town, with a rich variety of social, commercial, leisure,
institutional and service functions. The majority of the built fabric which remains today was completed in the
period 1867 to 1915. The buildings were designed by some of the State's most eminent architects and some
were built for prominent citizens and institutions.
Over the years the commercial focus of Albany has moved to York Street, with many institutions, such as
banks and the post office relocating there. Free of substantial development pressure at a critical time, Stirling
Terrace has managed to retain many of its historic structures and features. Viewed from the harbour, and from
the western approach to the town, Stirling Terrace has a landmark quality as a whole.

Integrity/Authenticity

Integrity: High
Modifications: Cantilevered canopy over main entry
Removal of original verandah

Condition

Excellent

References

Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
Heritage TODAY Site visit and Assessment 1999
K Bizzaca; "Stirling Terrace, Albany, Draft Conservation Plan". Considine & Griffiths Architects 2000
R Apperly, R Irving & P Reynolds; "A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture". Angus and Robertson 1989
L Johnson; "Town of Albany Heritage Survey". City of Albany 1994

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
5038 Stirling Terrace, Albany : conservation plan. March 2001. Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2001
7665 Design parameters for Stirling Terrace heritage areas. Heritage Study {Other} 2000

Place Type

Individual Building or Group

Uses

Epoch General Specific
Original Use COMMERCIAL Hotel, Tavern or Inn
Present Use COMMERCIAL Hotel, Tavern or Inn

Architectural Styles

Style
Federation Free Classical

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Wall RENDER Smooth
Wall BRICK Rendered Brick

Historic Themes

General Specific
OCCUPATIONS Hospitality industry & tourism

Creation Date

20 Mar 1993

Publish place record online (inHerit):

Approved

Last Update

01 Jan 2017

Disclaimer

This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.