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House, 66 Stirling Highway


City of Fremantle

Place Number

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66 Stirling Hwy North Fremantle

Location Details

Local Government




Construction Date

Constructed from 1897

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage List YES 08 Mar 2007
State Register Registered 14 Jul 2000 Register Entry
Assessment Documentation
Heritage Council

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 18 Sep 2000 Level 1A

Level 1A

The City of Fremantle has identified this place as being of exceptional cultural heritage significance in its own right within the context of Fremantle. This place is entered onto the Heritage Council of Western Australia’s Register of Heritage Places. All development applications must be referred to the Heritage Council for approval.

Parent Place or Precinct

22385 North Fremantle Precinct

Statement of Significance

HCWA Register of Heritage Places-Permanent Entry House, 66 Stirling Highway
has cultural heritage significance for the following reasons: (Note this information is from the HCWA Register documentation written in 2000. The place has since undergone further restoration and the external walls are no longer rendered. The tuck pointed brick has been restored and the front verandah is no longer enclosed).

House, 66 Stirling Highway, a split level residence constructed with tuck
pointed brick and covered in rough cast render and rendered limestone with
a replacement custom orb zinc roof, has cultural heritage significance for the
following reasons:

the place is an unusual split level worker’s cottage;

by virtue of its relationship to the lot boundaries, its scale, geometry
and modest presentation, and notwithstanding its compromised state,
the place contributes to the general and consistent character of this
area of North Fremantle, which has a mix of built forms, including
workers’ cottages, Pensioner cottages, public buildings and light
industrial buildings; and,

the place is part of the suburban residential development that came
about with the expansion of Fremantle and South Fremantle following
the discovery of gold in Western Australia in the 1880s and 1890s and
the increase in population and public monies due to the goldrushes.

The current render treatments, enclosure of the front verandah and gardens
are considered to have low significance. The infill structures under the rear
verandah and the enclosure of the rear verandah have little significance.

Physical Description

HCWA Register of Heritage Places-Permanent Entry House, 66 Stirling Highway

(Note this information is from the HCWA Assessment documentation written in 2000. The place has since undergone further restoration and the external walls are no longer rendered. The tuck pointed brick has been restored and the front verandah is no longer enclosed. The description of the front verandah is bullnosed corrugated iron supported by timber posts with a simple timber balustrade and decorative timber brackets).

"House, 66 Stirling Highway is a rectangular planned single and two storey
rendered brick and stone building and basement, roofed with a corrugated
iron roof, a verandah at the front (west) and an enclosed timber verandah at
the rear (east). Near the southern boundary and attached to the main
building is a water closet and a laundry. Further additions include a brick
water closet and bathroom attached at the rear; and a timber framed shed
clad in fibrous cement shed and attached to the north side of the house.
The place is located in North Fremantle on the east side of Stirling Highway.
Stirling Highway is a bitumen surfaced four lane highway with concrete
barrier kerbs a narrow raised median, and concrete footpath. There is on
landscaped verge and no parking in front of the house. Only a small strip of
the original front garden remains between the house and the footpath and
this is overgrown with recent plantings.

House, 66 Stirling Highway is part of a group of small houses that form the
built up edge of the beach-front and railway reserve at North Fremantle. On
its south side is vacant land contiguous with the edge of a major green
reserve. House, 66 Stirling Highway in effect forms an edge along the green
space. The ground levels are relatively flat at this point, although the ground
levels have accreted on the north and south and west elevations.
House, 66 Stirling Highway is located on a rectangular lot. The lot is raised
about 200mm above the public footpath level. The block is 12.58 metres wide
along the west boundary, 24.78 metres in depth along the north boundary,
24.17 metres along the south boundary and 12.57 metres wide along the west
property line. The front of the house is set back approximately 300mm from
the footpath. This narrow front setback is consistent with other houses in the
street and reflects the gradual encroachment of Stirling Highway. There is no
side setback to the south side and only part of the north side is set back from
the boundary. There is indirect access to the rear (east) garden from Hevron
Street, which runs perpendicular to Stirling Highway to the south of the lot.
The front garden contains a variety of unkempt grasses and shrub. There is a
vegetable garden in the well-kept rear garden and chickens are kept in the
side yard on the north. Access to the rear garden is through the shed on the
north or through a gate in the fence that runs along the south property line.
The outbuildings attached to the structures in the rear garden are a timber
framed shed with fibrous cement cladding on the north property line, a
plastered brick water closet. (room 14) and bathroom (room 15) on the east
side of the house, and a plastered brick laundry (room 16) / water closet
(room 13) on the south property line. The shed has rough stone slab paving.
The other outbuildings are constructed of single leaf brick with granolithic
concrete floors. The original sanitary fixtures have been replaced. The roof is
a replacement zincalume roof with gutters and approximately 15 degree
The house is planned in four sections: a font verandah with skillion roof; a
raised single storey section with unfinished basement and hipped roof; a two
storey section with attic and hipped roof; a rear verandah with skillion roof.
(Refer to plans, Figure 1 and 2).
The west (front) elevation of the house is simply expressed in the Federation
Bungalow style workers’ cottage. The west elevation (front) is on a single
plane. The verandah has rendered brick piers with balustrade wall and board
and lattice infill. It has a timber flush door with one glazed panel and a
stained glass lead light. The verandah’s timber floor has been replaced with
granolithic. The verandah roof probably reflects its original form. It has a
simple lean-to roof 15 degrees of corrugated zincalume and appears to be a
recent replacement. The gutters are also replacement colonial profile and are
unpainted. The original timber soffit with ventilation holes in extant.
The original exterior wall, west elevation, (now concealed from the street) is
rough cast render over tuck-pointed brick. Invasive investigation is required
to determine whether the tuck-pointed brickwork was simply a cladding to
the limestone. The roof of the main house is hipped, pitched at 30 degrees,
and clad with corrugated iron that is severely rusted. The gutters on the main
roof are either original or early replacement gutters. The original exterior
windows, west elevation (now concealed from general view) of the front
elevation are double pane double hung sashes. The original front door, west
elevation has been removed and replaced with a partly glazed flush door,
with a single pane hopper light over it.
The north and south (side) elevations are finished with render over thick
limestone walls. The rear elevation comprises filled in verandahs which is
either fibrous cement clad framed elements or single skin brickwork
rendered elements. The windows are double pane double hung sashes in the
main rooms and louvred windows to the enclosed verandahs, toilet and
water closet to the rear.
The front part of the house comprises Rooms 1-5, four rooms and a central
corridor. Except for the sitting room (Room5), the spaces appear to be
unoccupied. The original jarrah floorboards remain in place, together with 8”
moulded skirtings, and wall vents. Some architraves have been replaced.
Walls are painted or wall papered and plastered brick, without evidence of
major cracking, except in the corners of room 3 and the south wall of room 4.
The ceilings in this section of the house are lath and plaster, without cornices.
Room 2, the corridor has a cast plaster ceiling rose and a semicircular arch
supported on consoles. There is evidence of a painted dado and at the west
end of the corridor there is a long timber batten and metal peg hat and coat
rail. Except for room 1, the doors are four panel format and architraves are
mostly replacement material. The ceiling and skirtings indicate evidence of
chimney breasts having been removed from each of the four rooms. Room 1
contains kitchen fittings, but these are clearly of 1950s manufacture. Room 4
is fitted out with ply construction cabinetwork from the same era. Room 4
also contains an access hatch to the floor space below and this has evidently
been used for storage, though there is no floor and the walls remain
unfinished limestone.
Room 11 has a set of steps leading through the east wall to the adjacent room
which is set at a half level below it (Room 5).
A half flight of steps at the east end of the hall (Room 6) leads down to the
lower ground floor level where the dining room (Room 11) and kitchen
(Room 12) are located. The floor in room 11 has been replaced with
granolithic and the floor to room 12 remains timber. The interior of the walls
are painted and plastered masonry. The ceilings are lath and plaster and
room 11 has a reproduction ceiling rose in its centre. Along the west walls of
both room there is a large timber plate supporting the floor above, which is
in poor condition. Both rooms have wall vents, picture rails and 8” moulded
timber skirtings. There is damp in the north wall and this has been covered
with framed linings and decorative cabinet work. Similarly, the south wall of
the kitchen is lined, probable for similar reasons. The dining room is fitted
out with cabinet work, which is from the 1990s, and the kitchen with cabinets
from the 1960s finished with plywood carcasses.
The stairs in the hall (Room 6) are constructed in timber with turned newels
and balusters and a moulded handrail. The ceilings in this area are lath and
plaster at the lower level and the linings to the top level ceiling are reed
moulded timber, as are the flight soffits at the lower level. The timber soffits
have cove cornices. The upper and lower level doors to the stair hall are four
panel format with hopper lights over them. The box room over the top of
the stairs appears to have been left in its original form.
Rooms 7-10 are at first floor level. Bedrooms 7 and 10 are located under the
main hipped roof section of this structure. The external walls are plastered
masonry and the internal walls and ceilings are lath and plaster. There is
extensive crazing in room 7. Both rooms previously had fireplaces and traces
of these can be seen in the walls and lath and plaster ceilings on the western
walls. The skirting to room 7 is replacement bullnosed profile and the
skirting to room 8 is the original moulded timber format. Both rooms open
onto the original rear verandah, which has subsequently been infilled to form
rooms. The eastern part of room 10 is part of the verandah and the kitchen
sink in this room indicates and earlier use as a bed sitting room.
The enclosed verandah comprises rooms 8, 9 and part of room 10. Room 8 is
a playroom and is lined with fibrous cement sheeting. It has 3” replacement
timber floors, a fibreboard skirtings, a rendered masonry west wall and
fibrous cement on the north and east walls, with a ‘Beautyboard’ on the south
wall. All windows are metal framed obscured glass louvres.
The walls and ceilings of the bathroom and dressing room are similarly
treated and the floor to the bathroom (Room 9) has been covered with fibre
glass reinforced resin to make it waterproof. The fittings in this room appear
to date from the 1950s and are poorly executed.
The lower level rooms 13-16 are all fitted in under the verandah and have
granolithic floors, rendered brick or framed walls and fibrous plaster ceilings.
The bathroom in room 15 has fittings that are consistent with work that was
done in the 1940s or 1050s. The bathroom in room 13 has been considerably
upgraded and finishes are more recent.
In September 1999 the place is occupied as a dwelling."


The portion of Stirling Highway to the north of Queen Victoria Street was originally part of Perth Road. The area developed with mixed residential, commercial and industrial uses from the 1860s following the construction of the North Fremantle Traffic Bridge and the upgrading of Perth Road by convicts. The portion of Stirling Highway to the south of Queen Victoria Street was formerly called Bruce Street and was widened and renamed following the completion of Stirling Bridge in 1974. In 2005, the highway continues to have a mix of uses.

House, 66 Stirling Highway stands on Lot 12, which was purchased by Mary Anne Elizabeth Griffiths in June 1894 soon after the area was subdivided. Mary Anne sold the undeveloped property to George Alfred Davies and Fred Mason the following year, and in February 1896 ownership passed to Catherine Duggan. The house at 66 Stirling Street had been constructed by 1897, and appears on a PWD plan at this time. The house was probably built for Catherine Duggan and her husband, John. John and his brother, Thomas, ran their business, T & J Duggan Shopkeepers, from this address for a time. The Duggan family remained at 66 Stirling Highway until the early 1920s.

The house had a number of owner/occupiers through the 1920s and into the 1930s. In the early 1940s, the Jeffrey family rented the place and continued to live there until 1957, despite change in ownership during this time. In 1957 the property was owned by Richard Belke, and then transferred to William and Martha Cain, who took up residence. They stayed there until 1959, after which time the house reverted to a rental property. Lionel and Annette Meiners owned 66 Stirling Highway in 1964. From 1970, the property changed hands several times, until it was acquired by Main Roads for the widening of Stirling Highway.

For further information, see Heritage Council of Western Australia, ‘Register of Heritage Places: Permanent Entry – House, 66 Stirling Highway’, prepared by Kristy Bizzaca with Considine and Griffiths Architects, 2000.

This place was included in the "North Fremantle Heritage Study", prepared by Craig Burton, for the City of Fremantle, June 1994 and in the list of heritage places in the City of Fremantle identified by the Fremantle Society in 1979/80.


High degree of integrity (original intent clear, current use compatible, high long term sustainability, restored).
High degree of authenticity with much original fabric remaining.
(These statements based on street survey only).


Condition assessed as good (assessed from streetscape survey only).

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
5498 Heritage assessment of 66 Stirling Highway, North Fremantle. Heritage Study {Other} 1999

Place Type

Individual Building or Group


Epoch General Specific
Present Use RESIDENTIAL Single storey residence
Original Use RESIDENTIAL Two storey residence
Present Use RESIDENTIAL Two storey residence
Original Use RESIDENTIAL Single storey residence

Architectural Styles

Federation Bungalow
Victorian Georgian

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Wall BRICK Pointed Brick
Roof METAL Corrugated Iron
Roof METAL Zincalume
Wall BRICK Rendered Brick
Wall STONE Limestone

Historic Themes

General Specific
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Land allocation & subdivision
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Workers {incl. Aboriginal, convict}

Creation Date

29 Apr 1999

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

21 Mar 2019


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