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Fremantle Synagogue (fmr)

Author

Fremantle ARCHIVED 201216

Place Number

01010
There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.

Location

92 South Tce Fremantle

Location Details

Other Name(s)

Skid Rose

Local Government

Fremantle

Region

Metropolitan

Construction Date

Constructed from 1890

Demolition Year

N/A

Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage List YES 08 Mar 2007 City of Fremantle
State Register Permanent 16 Nov 1993 Register Entry
Heritage Council

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 18 Sep 2000 Level 1A

Level 1A

The City of Fremantle has identified this place as being of exceptional cultural heritage significance in its own right within the context of Fremantle. This place is entered onto the Heritage Council of Western Australia’s Register of Heritage Places. All development applications must be referred to the Heritage Council for approval.

City of Fremantle
Register of the National Estate Nominated 26 May 1981

Heritage Council
Classified by the National Trust Classified 28 Oct 1974

Heritage Council
Register of the National Estate Registered 21 Mar 1978

Heritage Council

Statement of Significance

Refer to Heritage Council of Western Australia's Register of Heritage Places - Register and Assessment Documentation.

The former Fremantle Synagogue was the first synagogue built in Western Australia and was closely associated with Jewish community leaders and merchants in Fremantle at the turn of the century.

Physical Description

Refer to Heritage Council of Western Australia's Register of Heritage Places - Register and Assessment Documentation.
Rendered with ashlar detailing in the render to side elevation (may be recent). Double arched windows to front facade. Parapet to front facade flanked by two turrets, ornamented - one broken. Shortened eaves. Buttresses capped with pediment-like stucco detailing.

History

The first Jewish congregation was established in Fremantle in August 1887 when Mr Laurence Alexander, the manager of Falk and Company, was elected first President of the Congregation. Weekly meetings were conducted, with Henry Seeligson as the acting lay reader, from September 1888. On 16 April 1896, a site in South Terrace was vested with Elias Solomon and W F Samson as trustees for the Jewish Congregation.

This was the first synagogue built in Western Australia. Designed by Oldham and Eales, a prominent WA architectural firm and built by J McCracken. The foundation stone was laid by Elias Solomon, JP, MP, Federal member for Fremantle, trustee of the Fremantle Hebrew congregation and former mayor of Fremantle in 1902.

The Perth congregation absorbed the affairs of the Fremantle congregation in 1908 and shortly afterwards, the Fremantle Synagogue was rented out for commercial purposes, before being sold to William Beer in 1922. For many years, William Beer operated his auction mart from the former synagogue. He lived in a residence at the rear.

In 1932, brick additions to the front of the synagogue were completed at a cost of £650. The builders, AH & HA Thorp, of East Fremantle built flats are the rear built at the same time.

The 1947/48 rate book recorded William Beer’s auction mark and three flats at the rear. By 1950/51, Barri’s House (shop) and five flats were recorded on the lot. William Beer was still the owner.

Richard and Dulcie Urwin purchased the property in 1964 and then the City of Fremantle bought it in 1969. At this time, the site comprised a shop and garage. The four flats at the rear were demolished. The City of Fremantle leased the former synagogue to a carpet dealer, Barri's Rugs, until 1985.

In 1976 an application was made to Fremantle City Council by the Perth Hebrew Congregation to remove the Star of David from the front gable of the synagogue. It was the congregation's intended to incorporate the star in the new synagogue at Menora, as a means to commemorate the original Jewish community in Fremantle. Fremantle Council offered to supply the congregation with a replica of the star, leaving the original on the building.

The City of Fremantle funded major restoration works to the former synagogue in 1987, with assistance from the National Estate grants program. The synagogue area was converted into a display space for clothing, a gallery for art and a cafe. The side courtyard was extended and used for outdoor seating. In the early 1990s, the former synagogue was leased for use as a café restaurant. By 2001, the place had been sold into private ownership.

Integrity/Authenticity

Has been altered, both internally and externally.

References

Ref ID No Ref Name Ref Source Ref Date
11794 Heritage Council of Western Australia's Register of Heritage Places - Register and Assessment Documentation. Heritage Study

Other Keywords

Also Duplex, 92 South Tce (Demolished c1969)

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
3312 An Architectural Evaluation for the Western Australian Heritage Committee - Former Synagogue Fremantle Western Australia Heritage Study {Other} 1984
7165 Conservation plan for former Synagogue, No. 92 (Lot 1375) South Terrace, Fremantle, Western Australia (Draft as amended). Volumes 1 & 2. Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2004
9794 Methodology for archaeological monitoring of site: Fremantle Synagogue (fmr). Heritage Study {Other} 2010
9795 Geotechnical investigation Heritage Study {Other} 2010
7816 Fremantle: the future is in the past - appreciating the synagogue site and its surrounds. Other 2005

Place Type

Individual Building or Group

Uses

Epoch General Specific
Present Use COMMERCIAL Restaurant
Other Use COMMERCIAL Shop\Retail Store {single}
Original Use RELIGIOUS Synagogue, Mosque or Temple

Architectural Styles

Style
Federation Romanesque

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Wall RENDER Smooth
Roof METAL Corrugated Iron
Wall BRICK Pointed Brick
Wall BRICK Common Brick
Wall STONE Limestone

Historic Themes

General Specific
SOCIAL & CIVIC ACTIVITIES Religion
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Land allocation & subdivision
PEOPLE Local heroes & battlers
OCCUPATIONS Commercial & service industries

Creation Date

30 May 1989

Publish place record online (inHerit):

Approved

Last Update

31 Dec 2016

Disclaimer

This data is provided by the City of Fremantle. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this data, the City of Fremantle makes no representations or warranties about its accuracy, reliability, completeness or suitability for any particular purpose and disclaims all responsibility and all liability (including without limitation, liability in negligence) for all expenses, losses, damages (including indirect or consequential damage) and costs which you might incur as a result of the data being inaccurate or incomplete in any way and for any reason. Under no circumstances should this data be used to carry out any work without first contacting the City of Fremantle for the appropriate confirmation and approval.