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Convict Establishment Precinct


City of Fremantle

Place Number

There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.



Location Details

Local Government




Construction Date

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage Area YES 08 Mar 2007
Heritage List YES 08 Mar 2007

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory YES 22 Nov 1999 Precinct Management

Precinct Management

Refer to individual places, and management categories particular to the place. Please note that some places have been entered into the Register of Heritage Places therefore the implications of this registration and the statutory obligations will apply. Some places will also have conservation plans and these should be consulted as the principal guiding documents for the conservation of individual places and/or precincts.

Statement of Significance

This precinct is significant for its association with the establishment and development of places relating to the convict history of Fremantle and of Western Australia.
Refer to individual place entries for more specific statements of significance.

Physical Description

This precinct includes the area bounded by: Henderson Street; to Holdwsorth Street; Hampton Road; Alma Street south to; Attfield street; Stevens street; Brennan Street; north to Alma Street; and, South Terrace (north-west to Henderson Street).
Note: This precinct also incorporates smaller precincts such as the Law & Order Precinct, Victoria Pavilion & Fremantle Oval, and West End Conservation Area. Other streets in this precinct include Forthergill Street, Fairburn Street, and The Terrace.
Other associated buildings: the former Commissariat Buildings; Fremantle Boys School (FTI Building); and, the Lunatic Asylum (Fremantle Museum & Arts Centre).


The first convicts arrived in the Swan River Colony in June 1850. Their arrival had an enormous impact on the still struggling colony largely increasing the population and making an enormous contribution to local infrastructure.
Under the direction of Captain Edmund Henderson and his assistants Lieutenant Henry Wray and Clerk of Works John Manning, as well as the supervision of the Royal Engineers, the convicts constructed public buildings, roads, bridges, and water systems. On the 40 acres convict grant, the convicts built the prison and houses for the prison hierarchy including The Knowle for Superintendent Henderson. They went on to build such buildings as the commissariat stores, the lunatic asylum, the police station, the barracks, the warders cottages, the boys' school, and Fremantle bridge. (This information is from Bosworth, M. & Hutchison, D. with Walker, M. & Pike, P., 'City of Fremantle Thematic Historical Framework', prepared for the City of Fremantle, June 1995, pp. 59

Place Type

Precinct or Streetscape


Epoch General Specific
Present Use OTHER Other
Original Use GOVERNMENTAL Gaol

Creation Date

29 Jan 2001

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

25 Jun 2021


This data is provided by the City of Fremantle. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this data, the City of Fremantle makes no representations or warranties about its accuracy, reliability, completeness or suitability for any particular purpose and disclaims all responsibility and all liability (including without limitation, liability in negligence) for all expenses, losses, damages (including indirect or consequential damage) and costs which you might incur as a result of the data being inaccurate or incomplete in any way and for any reason. Under no circumstances should this data be used to carry out any work without first contacting the City of Fremantle for the appropriate confirmation and approval.