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Cape Peron K Battery Complex


Heritage Council

Place Number

There no heritage location found in the Google fusion table.


End of Point Peron Rd, Cape Peron Rockingham

Location Details

Other Name(s)

Cape Peron Battery Complex
Point Peron "K" Battery

Local Government




Construction Date

Constructed from 1942 to 1945

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents More information
Heritage List Adopted 24 Oct 1995 City of Rockingham
State Register Registered 13 Oct 2019 Register Entry
Assessment Documentation

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management More information
Category Description
Municipal Inventory Adopted 24 Apr 2018 Category A

Category A

Worthy of the highest level of protection- recommended for entry into the State Register of Heritage Places. Development would require consultation with the City of Rockingham. Maximum encouragement to the owner should be provided under the City of Rockingham Planning Scheme to conserve the significance of the place. A detailed Heritage Assessment* and Impact Statement should be undertaken before approval is given for any major redevelopment. Incentives to promote heritage conservation should be also be considered.

City of Rockingham
Register of the National Estate Permanent 30 May 1995

Statement of Significance

The site of Cape Peron K Battery Complex has been associated with the defence of Australia since its acquisition by the Commonwealth in 1916. The place demonstrates technical achievement through its use of ‘Panama Mounts’, a versatile design that had the potential to achieve a 360° traverse to increase the capacity of its 155mm guns and has potential for interpreting the extensive coastal defence system of Western Australia during World War II.

Physical Description

Cape Peron K Battery Complex comprises Gun Emplacements North and South and their associated and adjacent Ready Ammunition and Storage Bunkers, a Battery Observation Post, an Operations Centre, archaeological deposits in and around the structures, and other structures associated with the Battery.


The sinking of HMAS Sydney, and the entry of Japan into the war on 7 December 1941, changed the strategic picture in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean theatres. Singapore fell on 15 February 1942, Darwin was bombed on 19 February by the same Japanese fleet that had attacked Pearl Harbour, and on 3 March, Broome was attacked from the air. The sudden conquest of Hong Kong, Singapore, the Dutch East Indies and the Philippines left Australia as the most suitable base for the development of an Allied counter offensive. It was realised that Japanese submarines and surface vessels would be active, and that there was a need to supplement Australia’s coastal defences.

General MacArthur arrived in Darwin on 17 March 1942 and was invited to assume the role of Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific Area. On 18 April, MacArthur assumed command over all Australian Forces. McArthur subsequently requested an inspection of facilities to ensure that the US Troops stationed in Australia would be properly protected and this led to the establishment of the Letter Batteries. In December 1942, the ‘K’ Battery personnel arrived in Fremantle without guns or searchlights. To control the coast defences of Cockburn Sound, HQ Southern Fire Command was formed in January 1943.

Peron Battery was to be situated on the western end of Cape Peron with its Battery Observation Post (BOP) on the 30 metre feature some 300 to 400 metres to the south of the gun emplacements. The Operations Centre (Plotting Room) was located, among a thicket of scrub, behind the guns and northeast of the BOP. The battery was served by two 90cm searchlights located at John Point and Mushroom Rocks, not the 150cm searchlights usually associated with such batteries.

The reduced threat to Western Australia finally led to further rationalisation in the second half on 1944. The 155mm guns on Cape Peron were withdrawn in December with the men assigned to developing CA/AA batteries. In early 1945, personnel were reallocated to anti-aircraft units in the Fremantle area and ‘K’ Australian Heavy Battery disbanded.


Gun Emplacement No 1 is almost completely covered by sand and vegetation. Gun Emplacement No 2 has suffered major structural damage due to erosion undermining its base. The Observation Post (OP) located on the highest point of Cape Peron, has for many years been a prominent vantage point. Continued pedestrian activity around the OP has, coupled with wind erosion, contributed to a serious undermining of the base of its foundation. Vandals have also defaced walls inside and outside the building.

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
11442 Point Peron 'K' Battery Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2016

Place Type

Individual Building or Group


Epoch General Specific
Original Use MILITARY Fort or Gun Emplacement

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Wall BRICK Common Brick
Other BRICK Common Brick
Wall CONCRETE Reinforced Concrete
Wall CONCRETE Reinforced Concrete
Other CONCRETE Reinforced Concrete
Roof BRICK Common Brick

Historic Themes

General Specific
OUTSIDE INFLUENCES World Wars & other wars

Creation Date

06 Jul 1993

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

15 Dec 2017


This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.