Peace Memorial Rose Garden

Author

City of Nedlands

Place Number

13668

Location

Stirling Hwy Nedlands

Location Details

Local Government

Nedlands

Region

Metropolitan

Construction Date

Constructed from 1948

Demolition Year

N/A

Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents
Heritage List Adopted 18 Dec 2017
State Register Registered 19 Jan 2007 HCWebsite.Listing+ListingDocument, HCWebsite.Listing+ListingDocument

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management
Category
Municipal Inventory Adopted 15 Apr 1999
Statewide War Memorial Survey Completed 01 May 1996
Municipal Inventory Adopted 27 Apr 1999 Category B

Statement of Significance

The Peace Memorial Rose Garden has high aesthetic. hi. toric, social, scientific and rarity cultural heritage significance. The large scale garden is attractive, parucularly in Spring and Autumn when the roses are a mass of bloom and many people visit to enjoy thi natural beauty. The garden has a direct link with people's need to recognise the war. ervicc and sacrifice of men nnd women during war. Classified as a landmark along Stirling Highway. the Rose Garden is recognised by many people outside of the City of Ned lands for a garden of beauty on a large scale. The roses have been used as a source of root stock for many years and provide an education in rose care for people interested in the prunning displays held annually. The garden is a fine and rare example of a dynamic War Memorial when compared to the statues or cenotaphs usua Ily erected.

Physical Description

The Peace Memorial Rose Garden is situated on an elevated block that has a broad frontage on Stirling Highway. The entrance to the rose garden is through a simple wooden pergola. painted mission brown. The pillars are said to come from Witchliffe and were collected by Mr Charles Smith, the Mayor of Nedlands at the time. Originally the pergola had climbing roses but these were damaged when part of the pergola felL. They have not been replaced This rose garden. though the biggest in area in Perth, does not have the most roses. Ihis honour goes to Karrakatta Cemetery. Today (1998) there are approximately 1.000 roses in the garden. Some are original but many have been replaced owing to age and sometimes disease. Occasionally cuttings are made of old plants so that the same roses can go back to their original bed. Maintenance includes a recycling programme of pruning trees which are then chipped for mulch. Large manicured lawn areas in between the rose beds and a gazebo attract many people for picnics. Weddings are also performed here. The MemoriaJ Plaque is located in a central position on a stone obelisk at the end of the brick paved path.

History

The idea of the Peace Memorial Rose Garden was conceived by the immediate past President of the National Rose Society of WA. Mr Charles Frost. late In 1943 and it was readily agreed to by the Society. Early in 1944 a Trust Fund was created for the establishment of the Memorial Rose Garden and Trustees were appointed. Approximately £ I,000 was raised towards the Memorial Gardens. After some potential site... fell through. the Society became aware that the Nedlands Road Board had acquired the site of approximately four acres on Stirling Highway for the purpose of establishing playgrounds and a park. The land was purchased from the Salvation Army. It was agreed that this ..ite would be admirable. In February 1948, after little negotiation and much cooperation from the Road Board, new plans were drawn up by the Board's architects, WG Bennett and Associates. These were approved of by both the Road Board and the Rose Society. The firsl400 rose bushes were planted in July 1948. The aim of Charles Frost was to have a memorial that wouJd have "national character, a truly State mernonal, that the people of the whole State could subscribe 10 - a national rose shrine which would be outstandingly beautiful and dignified and a symbol of culture and refinement". Tho Peace Memorial Rose Garden had a dedication ceremony on 22 October 1950 at J pm. Speeches were given by J C Smith, Chairman of the Nedlands Road Board, Fred Jackson and Charles Frost. Secretary and President of the National Rose Society of WA and Sir James Mitchell. Sir James. the Governor of WA, unveiled the memorial bronze plaque mounted on a Slone obehsk, The plaque was dedicated to the memory of people who had died Inactive service dunng the war. In 1962 the Nedlands Rotary Club built a wishing well in the north west comer of the gardens to raise money for charity. Two memorial seats (one since stolen). situated at the front of the rose garden, held plaques to commemorate long service to Nedlands by Mr Charles and MI'8 Florence Smith. Charles Smith dedicated 43 years to local government in Nedlands and had two long terms as Mayor. He acknowledged the devoted help of his wife. they were both made Freemen of the City of Ned lands in 1979. Mrs Smith was the first woman in WA to be made a Freeman without havmg served on the Council. The couple were nicknamed Mr and Mrs Nedlands. Today (1998) there are 2.000 rose bushes with over 40 different varieties in the Peace Memorial Gardens. They are tended by a team of City of Nedlands Park and Garden employees supervised by Gordon Crann. Gordon (who displays a passionate interest in his work of the past 14 years) and a mall team take a full week to prune the roses in the City of Ned lands gardens each July. Maintenance of the Rose Garden is high but many people enjoy the quiet atmosphere of the park. Between the beds are a number of mature trees but a planting programme of renewal and change is in constant progress.

Integrity/Authenticity

High

Condition

Excellent

Associations

Name Type Year From Year To
W G Benett and Associated Architect - -

Other Reference Numbers

Ref Number Description
N27 LGA Place No

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
4437 Post haste the millennium: opportunities & challenges in Local Studies. Proceedings of the 2nd National ALIA Local studies Section Conference. Conference proceedings 1999
7453 A guide to historical military sites in the City of Nedlands. Brochure 2005

Place Type

Garden

Uses

Epoch General Specific
Original Use MONUMENT\CEMETERY Monument
Present Use PARK\RESERVE Park\Reserve
Present Use MONUMENT\CEMETERY Monument
Original Use PARK\RESERVE Park\Reserve

Architectural Styles

Style
Other Style

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Other TIMBER Log

Historic Themes

General Specific
OUTSIDE INFLUENCES World Wars & other wars
SOCIAL & CIVIC ACTIVITIES Community services & utilities

Creation Date

16 Jun 1999

Publish place record online (inHerit):

Approved

Last Update

13 Apr 2018

Disclaimer

This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.