Vlaming Head Lighthouse Group

Author

Shire of Exmouth

Place Number

00837

Location

Yardie Creek Rd via Exmouth

Location Details

located at the northern most extremity of the Cape Range, on the North West Cape, 17 kilometres north of Exmouth

Other Name(s)

Vlamingh Head Lighthouse Group

Local Government

Exmouth

Region

Gascoyne

Construction Date

Constructed from 1912

Demolition Year

N/A

Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents
State Register Permanent 22 May 2007 HCWebsite.Listing+ListingDocument, HCWebsite.Listing+ListingDocument

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management
Category
Classified by the National Trust Classified 04 Oct 1976
Register of the National Estate Permanent 21 Mar 1978

Child Places

  • 24419 Vlamingh Head Lighthouse
  • 10640 Vlaming Head Radar
  • 23799 Vlamingh Head Lighthouse Quarters

Statement of Significance

The Vlamingh Head Lighthouse has aesthetic, historic, social, scientific and cultural heritage significance. It was a significant feature of the north west coast for 50 years until 1967. It is a notable piece of architecture in a very remote location. Though now disused as a navigational warning dev ice, it retains much evidence of a way of life no longer practiced.

Physical Description

The transit house has historic heritage significance. It is the first house constructed in Exmouth. Other early buildings placed in Exmouth were transported from another settlement, Talgarno. This house represents a large construction project in a co-operative scheme between the US Navy and the Commonwealth and State Governments (refer Place Record Form No 5).

History

Over the years the dangerous coastline around the North West Cape contributed to a number of shipwrecks on the reefs. One of these was the SS Mildura. In 1907 the ship had foundered at Point Murat losing all livestock but without the loss of human life. Recognition by shipping authorities of the need for a substantial navigational warning system led to the construction of the lighthouse on Vlamingh Head. Building commenced in November 1911. Delays were caused by bad water, dysentery among the labourers and the need to bring all materials and provisions in by sea from Fremantle. A fatality occurred when F J Reddy succumbed to dysentery in May 1912 (refer Place Record Form No 6). The lighthouse became operational on 10 November 1912 and was visible for up to 22 nautical miles. Two lighthouse keepers were required to keep the light burning. Fuelled by kerosene the light flashed in a group of two flashes every 7.5 seconds. Accommodation for the lighthouse keepers were provided nearby. Fuel supplies and provisions for the keepers were ferried from the beach by horse drawn carriages on a tramway. The lighthouse became obsolete with the introduction of an electric light on the VLF tower at the Harold Holt Communication Centre on 21 April 1967. Today (1997) the lighthouse is open as a tourist attraction.

State Heritage Office library entries

Library Id Title Medium Year Of Publication
7183 Lighthouses of Australia : images from the end of an era. Book 2001
2495 Vlaming Head Lighthouse Exmouth Heritage Study {Other} 1992
4850 Vlaming Head lighthouse and store, Exmouth : final report Report 2001
9341 Vlamingh Head Lighthouse precinct development plan. Heritage Study {Cons'n Plan} 2009
7065 Images CD No. 32 : assessment images : Point Cloates Lighthouse and Quarters and Vlaming Head Lighthouse Group. C D Rom 2004

Place Type

Individual Building or Group

Uses

Epoch General Specific
Present Use VACANT\UNUSED Vacant\Unused
Original Use Transport\Communications Water: Lighthouse
Original Use RESIDENTIAL Single storey residence
Present Use RESIDENTIAL Single storey residence

Architectural Styles

Style
Other Style

Construction Materials

Type General Specific
Roof METAL Corrugated Iron
Wall RENDER Other Render
Wall CONCRETE Other Concrete

Historic Themes

General Specific
OUTSIDE INFLUENCES World Wars & other wars
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Workers {incl. Aboriginal, convict}
OUTSIDE INFLUENCES Water, power, major t'port routes
TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATIONS River & sea transport

Creation Date

30 May 1989

Publish place record online (inHerit):

Retired

Last Update

01 Jan 2017

Disclaimer

This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.