WEST END CONSERVATION AREA (as adopted in 2000)


z Fremantle ARCHIVED 201216

Place Number




Location Details

Local Government




Construction Date

Demolition Year


Statutory Heritage Listings

Type Status Date Documents
Heritage Area YES 08 Mar 2007
Heritage List YES 08 Mar 2007

Heritage Council Decisions and Deliberations

Type Status Date Documents
(no listings)

Other Heritage Listings and Surveys

Type Status Date Grading/Management
Municipal Inventory YES 14 Oct 2000 West End Conservation Area

Parent Place or Precinct

22601 WEST END CONSERVATION AREA (as adopted in 2000)

Child Places

  • 25225 West End, Fremantle
  • 22601 WEST END CONSERVATION AREA (as adopted in 2000)
  • 22601 WEST END CONSERVATION AREA (as adopted in 2000)
  • 22601 WEST END CONSERVATION AREA (as adopted in 2000)

Statement of Significance

The West End Conservation Area constitutes a substantial portion of the central area of Fremantle which is visually clearly defined. It occupies a triangular site with its apex at Arthur Head; the point of original settlement. The northern side is formed by the Inner Harbour, the south-west side faces to the Indian Ocean and is enclosed by the Fishing Boat Harbour. The base of the triangle to the east is formed by the limestone ridge with the Prison, and in the background Monument Hill as major landmarks. Within these boundaries the city centre is identifiable from several vantage points as a cohesive whole; a comfortable human environment with a familiar street pattern, traditional architecture and a number of distinctive landmarks. Closer analysis of the West End Conservation Area reveals, however, that it varies widely in its physical characteristics and it is, therefore, difficult to control by generalised development controls. The cohesive townscape is formed by both natural

Physical Description

“Commencing at the south-east corner of the intersection of Norfolk Street and Marine Terrace, along the south edge of Norfolk Street and its extension to include the Fremantle Oval Grandstand, then along the line of the stone wall on the south side of Fairbairn Street to Fothergill (John) Street, then via the south boundary of that street the Bellevue Terrace (Higham Street), then north along Bellevue Terrace and its line to the rear of properties facing Knutsford (Hill) Street, then to the latter street to include all properties facing Hampton Road, then westward along Knutsford Street to the rear boundaries of properties facing Holdsworth Street to Parry Street, then via Parry, Holdsworth, Queen, Henderson, William, Newman, and Adelaide Streets, to the north-east boundary of the Woolworths Building, then north-west along the boundary and its line to Cantonment Street, then north-west along the north-eat boundary of the property adjoining the Wesley Church on the north-east and the line of that boundary to Elder Place (former Bay Street), then directly to include the whole of Fremantle Railway Station, then south-west along the railway line to Arthurs Head, then along the base of the western extremity of the cliff on Arthurs Head, then south to include the Harbour and Lights boatshed, then east to the point of commencement.”


Fremantle’s heritage is exceptional due to its many surviving heritage places and precincts, even though much of the city has evolved since the town plan was designed by the first Surveyor-General, John Septimus Roe, in 1829. An 1844 survey by Philip Snell-Chauncey shows all the subdivided lots, squares and buildings then extant. This survey now serves as an archival record of the colonial Fremantle, very little of which survives above the ground as subsequent developments transformed the ancient shores of the Aboriginal country and replaced most of the early buildings. The struggles of the earliest days of the Swan River Colony are barely discernible now and a world apart from the apparently well adjusted 21st century city. Modern Fremantle retains few of the buildings and structures from that time. Despite the changes, the town layout remains, and the scale of 21st century Fremantle townscapes is allied to that of the colonial town; its character is defined by the many surviving

Place Type

Large Conservation Region


Epoch General Specific
Original Use OTHER Other

Historic Themes

General Specific
TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATIONS River & sea transport
DEMOGRAPHIC SETTLEMENT & MOBILITY Workers {incl. Aboriginal, convict}

Creation Date

09 Dec 2002

Publish place record online (inHerit):


Last Update

21 Mar 2019


This information is provided voluntarily as a public service. The information provided is made available in good faith and is derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, the information is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.